Check out these fascinating articles for more great ideas:

List of All Roman Emperors and Empresses Chronologically organized:


Ancient Greek Cities or Kingdoms of Interest

Ancient Greek Rulers of Interest

Related to Christianity

Ancient Greek / Roman Deities, Locations and more:

Astrological Ancient Coins - Just some of the Ideas for Owning, available inside my eBay store.


Byzantine Coins

Browse by Category:

Welcome to the best ancient Greek, Roman, Biblical, Medieval, Byzantine online coin store. Up above are pages you can click on that give you great ideas about the types of coins available for sale. Items are usually shipped daily so you can rest assured to make these as great unique gifts for both men and women. As a numismatist, I believe ancient coins make one of the best investments. Collectors of numismatic coins may fall in love with this old money. Ancient coins come in both bronze and precious metals such as silver and gold. What is great is that you can great value as these types of coins are not popularized in places such as the antiques roadshow or pawn stars. You can see for yourself by the feedback, that there is over 99% positive experience for anyone that shops here and that you are dealing with one of the best, most reputable coin dealers on the internet. Coin collecting is easy and fun with the wealth of information presented. It is an amazing feeling to hold historical currency from thousands of years ago. These coins are worth money not just for their intrinsic, but also historical, numismatic and collector value. Investing money into an ancient coin collection is for anyone who values rarity, beauty and so much more that make up this great hobby. You may be looking for advice on how or where to start. There are many great links available in my eBay store that cover many great topics on ancient coins. Anything that you buy here is of great value, especially for the long term and the short term. The prices you can buy coins here are negotiable via the 'make offer' feature that is available on all items so you can get amazingly good deals buying coins and a selection of rarities not found anywhere else. The collecting guide above is a great list that can be used as a tool to collect almost every emperor or empress as it is in chronological order and allows you to search my store for those coins by clicking on them. Other great topics, such as Ancient Greek and Roman Commemorative coins deals with the most interesting commemorative coins you can buy. Happy shopping. I look forward to dealing with you for a lifetime. Some of the oldest, most valuable ancient coins that you may find here are that of Julius Caesar and Alexander the Great. Exchange your modern money for ancient money by buying an amazing ancient coin today. A great gift for yourself and others.

To help people find my store

12 caesars coins
12 caesars list
alexander the great coin
alexander the great coins
an ancient greek coin
ancient coin
ancient coin auction
ancient coin auctions
ancient coin dealer
ancient coin dealers
ancient coin values
ancient coins
ancient coins aion
ancient coins constantine the great
ancient coins dealers
ancient coins ebay
ancient coins for sale
ancient coins for sale caesars
ancient coins for sale on ebay
ancient coins forum
ancient coins found in america
ancient coins from bible times
ancient coins identification
ancient coins ngc
ancient coins of egypt
ancient coins of greece
ancient coins of israel
ancient coins of syria
ancient coins on ebay
ancient coins pictures
ancient coins temple entrance
ancient coins value
ancient egypt coins
ancient egyptian coins
ancient greece el-as
ancient greek coinage
ancient greek coins
ancient greek coins ebay
ancient greek coins for sale
ancient greek money
ancient jewish coins
ancient roman
ancient roman artifacts
ancient roman coins
ancient roman coins facts
ancient coins for sale
ancient roman coins identification
ancient roman coins for sale
ancient rome coins
ancient rome currency
ancient roman money
ancient silver coins
antic coin
antique coin
antique coin appraisal
antique coin dealers
antique coins
antique roman coins
antiques for sale
antiques online
antiques roadshow
antoninus pius coin
antoninus pius coins
athenian coin
athenian owl coins
auction coins
augustus coins
authentic ancient coins
authentic ancient greek coins
authentic coins
authentic roman coins
best coin dealers online
best coin shops
best investments
bible coins
biblical coins
brutus coin
brutus coin ides of march
buy ancient coins
buy coins online
buy gold online
buy old coins
buy rare coins
buy roman coins
buy silver coins
buying coins
buying silver
byzantine coin
byzantien coins
byzantine coins for sale
byzantine gold coins
caesar augustus coin
caesar coin
caesar coins
caesar coins for sale
caligula coins
caracalla coins
cheap ancient coins
chinese coins
christian coins
christian rome
claudius coins
cleopatra coins
coast to coast coins
coin auction
coin catalog
coin collecting
coin collecting tips
coin collectors
coin companies
coin dealer secrets
coin dealers
coin dealers near me
coin dealers on line
coin dealers uk
coin exchange
coin for sale
coin history
coin numismatic
coin online shop
coin search
coin sellers
coin shop online
coin shops
coin store
coin stores
coin value
coin value guide
coin websites
coin world
coins and collectibles
coins ebay
coins for sale
coins of ancient greece
coins of ancient rome
coins of bible
coins of the bible
coins of the world
coins online
coins photos
coins shop
coins store
coins worth money
collectible coins for sale
collecting ancient coins
collector coins
commemorative coins
commodus coins
constantine coins
constantine the great coins
crispus coins
currency dealers
diocletian coins
ebay roman coins
ebay ancient coins
ebay ancient greek coins
ebay antiques
ebay silver coins for sale
ebypt coins
emperor coins
foreign coins
foreign ancient coins
foreign coins for sale
forum ancient coins
ancient coins forum
gaius julius caesar
galba coins
geta coins
gifts for men
gifts for women
good investments
greece coin
greece coins
greek coin
greek coin values
greek coins
greek coins ancient
greek coins before euro
greek coins ebay
greek coins facts
greek coins for sale
Greek Coins images
Greek Coins Information
Greek Coins Information for Kids
Greek Coins Look Like
Greek Coins Pictures
Greek Currency
Greek Roman Coins
Hadrian Coins
Hammered Coins for Sale
Historical Coins for Sale
History of Coins
History of Roman Coins
Honest Coin Dealers
How to Buy Silver
How to Find an Honest Coin Dealer
How to Invest
How to Start Investing
Identifying Roman Coins
Ides of March Coin
Images of Ancient Coins
Interesting Coins
Investing Money
Investment Advice
Jerusalem Coins
Jesus Christ Coins
Jesus Coins
Julian of Pannonia coins
Julius Caesar coin
julius caesar coins
Julius Caesar Coin for sale
Local Coin Dealers
Lydian Coins
Macrinus Coins
Marcus Aurelius Coins
Mark Antony Coins
Marc Antony Coins
Middle Ages Coins
Most Valuable Coins
Nero Coins
Numismatic coin
Numismatic coin auctions
Numismatic coin dealers
Numismatic coins
Numismatic Coins for sale
Numismatic coins
Old Coin Prices
Old Coin Shop
Old Coin Values
Old Coins
Old Coins eBay
Old Coins for Sale
Old Coins Worth
Old Foreign Coins
Old Greek COin
Old Greek Coin Names
Old Greek Coins
Old Money
Old Money for Sale
Old Rare Coins
Old Roman Coins
Old Silver Coins
Oldest Coin
Oldest Coins
Online Coin Auctions
Online Coin Dealers
Online Coin Store
Online Coins
Otho Coins
Cassius Coins
Pacatian Coins
Name Coins
Pertinax Coins
Pontius Pilate Coins
Precious Metals
Princess Coins
Queen Coins
Rare Coin
Rare Coin Dealers
Rare Coins
Rare Coins Dealer
Rare Coins eBay
Rare Coins for Sale Cheap
Rare Coins for Sale on eBay
Rare Greek Coins
Reliable Coin Dealers
Reputabale Coin Dealers
Reputabale Online Coin Dealers
Roma Coins
Roman Artifacts for Sale
Roman Catalog
Roman Coins for Sale
Roman Coin Forum
Roman Coin Rings
Roman Coins
Roman Coins eBay
Roman Coins Pictures
Roman Coins Sale
Roman Coins Value
Roman eBay
Roman Empire Coins
Roman Empress Livia
Roman Gods Coins
Roman Greek Coins
Roman Military Coins
Roman Republic Coins
Roman Coins
Saint Coins
Septimius Severus Coins
Short Term Investments
Silver Coin
Silver Coin Prices
Silver Coins eBay
Silver Denarius
Silver for Sale
Silver Investing
Silver Value
The Coin Show
Tiberius Coins
Top Coin Dealers
Trajan Coins
Trusted Coin Dealers
Twelve Caesars Coins
Unique Gifts
Valuable Coins
Value of Silver
Virgin Mary Coins
Vitellius Coins
Where to Buy Silver
Where to Invest
Widow's Mite
Widow Mite
World Ancient Coins
World Coins Dealers
World Coins eBay
Zeno Coins

Aurelian Roman Emperor 270-275AD Biography Certified Authentic Ancient Coins Investment

Authentic Ancient Coin of:

Aurelian - Roman Emperor: 270-275 A.D. -
Silvered Bronze Antoninianus Serdica mint: 279 A.D.
Reference: RIC 279,
IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate, cuirassed bust right
ORIENS AVG Sol standing left between two captives, holding globe, right hand raised. XXIS in ex.
* Numismatic Note: Pristine state of preservation with full original silvering.

Sol, the Sun. - This glorious luminary was originally regarded and worshipped by the Pagans as being the most brilliant and the most useful object in the universe -- as constituting by his light and heat the natural source of life and health both to the animal and vegetable kingdoms, and as imparting his splendor to the other heavenly bodies, and his glory to the whole firmament. The more deeply investigations are carried into heathen mythology, the more clearly it is to be seen that almost all its principal divinities resolve themselves into an identity with the Sun, to whose predominating influence over the moon and stars the government and preservation of all things both in heaven and earth were ascribed. Ancient monuments represent the Sun under the form of a man, with a youthful face, the head encircled with rays: sometimes he is mounted on a chariot drawn by winged horses. A horse was sacrified to him, on account of the great swiftness of that animal, a usage especially practiced by the Lacedemonians. The Sun was called Mithras by the Persians; Osiris by the Egyptians.

Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (September 9, 214 or 215 –September or October 275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperorr (270–275), was the second of several highly successful "soldier-emperors" who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth.

During his reign, the Empire was reunited in its entirety, following fifteen years of rebellion, the loss of two-thirds of its territory to break-away empires (the Palmyrene Empire in the east and the Gallic Empire in the west) and devastating barbarian invasions. His successes started the end of the empire's Crisis of the Third Century. Aurelian was an upwardly-mobile soldier who was eventually appointed commander of the cavalry by Claudius II. With the aid of a sympathetic army he revolted against the accession of Quintillus and a civil war was avoided when the latter committed suicide following the growing popularity of his rival. Aurelian was then hailed as emperor by the Senate and the rest of the legions alike. His first mission was to strengthen the army by the introduction of the strictest reforms and discipline as well as quelling the various uprisings that had broken out over the last two decades. He thus spent the next five years until cut down by his own Praetorian Guard at the height of his glory. It seems Aurelian's personal secretary, after being reprimanded by the emperor for attempted extortion, felt an execution would follow. To guard against this possibility, he concocted a story about Aurelian intending to execute his personal guard and then rushed to share with them this manufactured evidence. Naturally, afraid for their lives, they entered the emperor's quarters and effected a preemptive strike. Somehow or other it was soon afterward found out that the formerly beloved emperor had no such motives and his secretary himself was swiftly executed for treason. When news reached Rome of what had happened Aurelian's wife seems to have actually been left nominally in power while a new emperor was selected, a period that may have lasted several months. Although history is a little hazy in this matter, it would mark the first and only time a Roman empress explicitly ruled the empire.

Rise to power

Aurelian was born in Dacia ripensis or Sirmium (now Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia), to an obscure provincial family; his father was tenant to a senator named Aurelius, who gave his name to the family. Aurelian served as a general in several wars, and his success ultimately made him the right-hand man and dux equitum (cavalry commander) of the army of Emperor Gallienus. In 268, his cavalry routed the powerful cavalry force of the Goths at the Battle of Naissus and broke the back of the most fearsome invasion of Roman territory since Hannibal. According to one source, Aurelian participated in the assassination of Gallienus (268), and supported Claudius II for the purple.

Two years later, when Claudius died his brother Quintillus seized power with support of the Senate. With an act typical of the Crisis of the Third Century, the army refused to recognize the new emperor, preferring to support one of its own commanders: Aurelian was proclaimed emperor in September 270 by the legions in Sirmium. Aurelian defeated Quintillus' troops, and was recognized emperor by the Senate after Quintillus' death. The claim that Aurelian was chosen by Claudius on his death bed can be dismissed as propaganda; later, probably in 272, Aurelian put his own dies imperii the day of Claudius' death, thus implicitly considering Quintillus a usurper.

With his base of power secure, he now turned his attention to Rome's greatest problems — recovering the vast territories lost over the previous two decades, and reforming the res publica.

Conqueror and reformer

In 248, Emperor Philipp had celebrated the millennium of the city of Rome with great and expensive ceremonies and games, and the empire had given a tremendous proof of self-confidence. In the following years, however, the empire had to face a huge pressure from external enemies, while, at the same time, dangerous civil wars threatened the empire from within, with a large number of usurpers weakening the strength of the state. Also the economical substrate of the state, the agriculture and the commerce, suffered from the disruption caused by the instability. On top of this an epidemic swept through the Empire around 250, greatly diminishing manpower both for the army and for agriculture. The end result was that the empire could not endure the blow of the capture of Emperor Valerian in 260: the eastern provinces found their protectors in the rulers of the city of Palmyra, in Syria Palmyrene Empire, a separate entity from the Roman Empire, successful against the Persian threat; the western provinces, those facing the limes of the Rhine seceded, forming a third, autonomous state within the territories of the Roman Empire, which is now known as Gallic Empire; the emperor, in Rome, was occupied with the internal menaces to his power and with the defence of Italia and the Balkans. This was the situation faced by Gallienus and Claudius, and the problems Aurelian had to deal with at the beginning of his rule.

Reunification of the empire

The first actions of the new emperor were aimed at strengthening his own position in his territories. Late in 270, Aurelian campaigned in northern Italia against the Vandals, Juthungi, and Sarmatians, expelling them from Roman territory. To celebrate these victories, Aurelian was granted the title of Germanicus Maximus. The authority of the emperor was challenged by several usurpers Septimius, Urbanus, Domitianus, and the rebellion of Felicissimus — who tried to exploit the sense of insecurity of the empire and the overwhelming influence of the armies in Roman politics. Aurelian, being an experienced commander, was aware of the importance of the army, and his propaganda, known through his coinage, shows he wanted the support of the legions.

Defeat of the Alamanni

The burden of the northern barbarians was not yet over, however. In 271, the Alamanni moved towards Italia, entering the Po plain and sacking the villages; they passed the Po River, occupied Placentia and moved towards Fano. Aurelian, who was in Pannonia to control Vandals' withdrawal, quickly entered Italia, but his army was defeated in an ambush near Placentia (January 271). When the news of the defeat arrived in Rome, it caused great fear for the arrival of the barbarians. But Aurelian attacked the Alamanni camping near the Metaurus River, defeating them in the Battle of Fano, and forcing them to re-cross the Po river; Aurelian finally routed them at Pavia. For this, he received the title Germanicus Maximus. However, the menace of the German people remained high as perceived by the Romans, so Aurelian resolved to build the walls that became known as the Aurelian Walls around Rome.

The emperor led his legions to the Balkans, where he defeated and routed the Goths beyond the Danube, killing the Gothic leader Cannabaudes, and assuming the title of Gothicus Maximus. However, he decided to abandon the province of Dacia, on the exposed north bank of the Danube, as too difficult and expensive to defend. He reorganised a new province of Dacia south of the Danube, inside the former Moesia, called Dacia Ripensis, with Serdica as the capital.

Conquest of the Palmyrene Empire

In 272, Aurelian turned his attention to the lost eastern provinces of the empire, the so-called "Palmyrene Empire" ruled by Queen Zenobia from the city of Palmyra. Zenobia had carved out her own empire, encompassing Syria, Palestine, Egypt and large parts of Asia Minor. In the beginning, Aurelian had been recognized as emperor, while Vaballathus, the son of Zenobia, hold the title of rex and imperator ("king" and "supreme military commander"), but Aurelian decided to invade the eastern provinces as soon as he felt strong enough.

Asia Minor was recovered easily; every city but ByzantiumTyana surrendered to him with little resistance. The fall of Tyana lent itself to a legend; Aurelian to that point had destroyed every city that resisted him, but he spared Tyana after having a vision of the great 1st century philosopher Apollonius of Tyana, whom he respected greatly, in a dream. Apollonius implored him, stating: "Aurelian, if you desire to rule, abstain from the blood of the innocent! Aurelian, if you will conquer, be merciful!" Whatever the reason, Aurelian spared Tyana. It paid off; many more cities submitted to him upon seeing that the emperor would not exact revenge upon them. Within six months, his armies stood at the gates of Palmyra, which surrendered when Zenobia tried to flee to the Sassanid Empire. The "Palmyrene Empire" was no more. Eventually Zenobia and her son were captured and forced to walk on the streets of Rome in his triumph. After a brief clash with the Persians and another in Egypt against usurper Firmus, he was forced to return to Palmyra in 273 when that city rebelled once more. This time, Aurelian allowed his soldiers to sack the city, and Palmyra never recovered from this. More honors came his way; he was now known as Parthicus Maximus and Restitutor Orientis ("Restorer of the East").

Conquest of the Gallic Empire

In 274, the victorious emperor turned his attention to the west, and the "Gallic EmpireeTetricus was willing to abandon his throne and allow Gaul and Britain to return to the empire, but could not openly submit to Aurelian. Instead, the two seem to have conspired so that when the armies met at Châlons-en-Champagne that autumn, Tetricus simply deserted to the Roman camp and Aurelian easily defeated the Gallic army facing him. Tetricus was rewarded for his part in the conspiracy with a high-ranking position in Italy itself.

Aurelian returned to Rome and won his last honorific from the Senate — Restitutor Orbis ("Restorer of the World"). In four years, he had secured the frontiers of the empire and reunified it, effectively giving the empire a new lease on life that lasted 200 years.


Aurelian was a reformer, and settled many important functions of the imperial apparatus, including the economy and the religion. He also restored many public buildings, re-organized the management of the food reserves, set fixed prices for the most important goods, and prosecuted misconduct by the public officers.

Religious reform

Aurelian strengthened the position of the Sun god, Sol (invictus) or Oriens, as the main divinity of the Roman pantheon. His intention was to give to all the peoples of the Empire, civilian or soldiers, easterners or westerners, a single god they could believe in without betraying their own gods. The center of the cult was a new temple, built in 271 in Campus Agrippae in Rome, with great decorations financed by the spoils of the Palmyrene Empire. Aurelian did not persecute other religions. However, during his short rule, he seemed to follow the principle of "one god, one empire", that was later adopted to a full extent by Constantine. On some coins, he appears with the title deus et dominus natus ("God and born ruler"), also later adopted by Diocletian. Lactantius argued that Aurelian would have outlawed all the other gods if he had had enough time.

Felicissimus' rebellion and coinage reform

Aurelian's reign records the only uprising of mint workers. The rationalis Felicissimus, mintmaster at Rome, revolted against Aurelian. The revolt seems to have been caused by the fact that the mint workers, and Felicissimus first, were accustomed to stealing the silver used for the coins and producing coins of inferior quality. Aurelian wanted to erase this practice, and put Felicissimus under trial. The rationalis incited the mintworkers to revolt: the rebellion spread in the streets, even if it seems that Felicissimus was killed immediately, possibly executed. The Palmirene rebellion in Egypt had probably reduced the grain supply to Rome, thus disaffecting the population with respect to the emperor. This rebellion also had the support of some senators, probably those who had supported the election of Quintillus, and thus had something to fear from Aurelian. Aurelian ordered the urban cohorts, reinforced by some regular troops of the imperial army, to attack the rebelling mob: the resulting battle, fought on the Caelian hill, marked the end of the revolt, even if at a high price (some sources give the figure, probably exaggerated, of 7,000 casualties). Many of the rebels were executed; also some of the rebelling senators were put to death. The mint of Rome was closed temporarily, and the institution of several other mints caused the main mint of the empire to lose its hegemony.

antoninianii containing 5% silver. They bore the mark XXI (or its Greek numerals form KA), which meant that twenty of such coins would contain the same silver quantity of an old silver denarius. Considering that this was an improvement over the previous situation gives an idea of the severity of the economic situation Aurelian faced. The emperor struggled to introduce the new "good" coin by recalling all the old "bad" coins prior to their introduction.



In 275, Aurelian marched towards Asia Minor, preparing another campaign against the Sassanids: the deaths of Kings Shapur I (272) and Hormizd I (273) in quick succession, and the rise to power of a weakened ruler (Bahram I), set the possibility to attack the Sassanid Empire.

On his way, the emperor suppressed a revolt in Gaul — possibly against Faustinus, an officer or usurper of Tetricus — and defeated barbarian marauders at Vindelicia (Germany).

However, Aurelian never reached Persia, as he was murdered while waiting in Thrace to cross into Asia Minor. As an administrator, Aurelian had been very strict and handed out severe punishments to corrupt officials or soldiers. A secretary of Aurelian (called Eros by y Zosimus) had told a lie on a minor issue. In fear of what the emperor might do, he forged a document listing the names of high officials marked by the emperor for execution, and showed it to collaborators. The notarius Mucapor and other high-ranking officiers of the Praetorian Guard, fearing punishment from the Emperor, murdered him in September of 275, in Caenophrurium, Thrace (modern Turkey).

Aurelian's enemies in the Senate briefly succeeded in passing damnatio memoriae on the emperor, but this was reversed before the end of the year and Aurelian, like his predecessor Claudius II, was deified as Divus Aurelianus.

Ulpia Severina, wife of Aurelian and Augusta since 274, is said to have held the imperial role during the short interregnum before the election of Marcus Claudius Tacitus to the purple.

www.TrustedCoins.commm Buy Real Ancient Greek Roman Biblical Byzantine Coins and Artifacts