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Cassander King of Macedonia 305-297 B.C.
Biography & Ancient Coins for Sale for Collecting Pleasure and Investment

Buy original ancient coins of Cassander online from trusted ancient coin dealer, Ilya Zlobin. The son of Antipater, Regent of Macedon appointed by Alexander, Cassander succeeded to the government of the country of his father's death in 319 B.C. He was notorious for his cruelty, and in 311 B.C. he executed Alexander's widow Roxana and her young son Alexander IV. In 305 B.C. he assumed the title of King. All coins you purchase from his store are professionally researched, photographed and provided with a lifetime guarantee of authenticity.


Cassander authentic ancient Greek coins for sale  Buy Ancient Kassander Macedonian Kingdom Coins
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Cassander - Macedonian King: 319-297 B.C.
 Bronze Struck circa 319-297 B.C.
Reference: Sear 6754; Price (Coins of the Macedonians) pl. XII, 65
Head of young Hercules right, clad in lion's skin.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / KAΣΣAΝΔΡΟΥ above and beneath naked youth on horse pacing right.

The son of Antipater, Regent of Macedon appointed by Alexander, Cassander succeeded to the government of the country of his father's death in 319 B.C. He was notorious for his cruelty, and in 311 B.C. he executed Alexander's widow Roxana and her young son Alexander IV. In 305 B.C. he assumed the title of King. 

Cassander (Greek/font>: Κάσσανδρος , Kassandros Antipatros; ca. 350 - 297 BC), King of Macedonia (305 - 297 BC), was a son of Antipater, and founder of the Antipatrid dynasty.

 Early history

Cassander is first recorded as arriving at Alexander the Great’s court in Babylon in 323 BC, where he had been sent by his father, Antipater, likely to help uphold Antipater’s regency in Macedon, although a later contemporary suggestion hostile to the Antipatrids was that Cassander had journeyed to poison the King.

Whatever the truth of this suggestion, Cassander certainly proved to be singularly noted amongst the diadochi in his hostility to Alexander‘s memory. Alexander IV, Roxanne, and Alexander’s supposed illegitimate son Heracles would all be executed on his orders, and a guarantee to Olympias to spare her life was not respected. So too, Cassander would restore Thebes, which had been destroyed under Alexander. This gesture was perceived at the time to be a snub to the deceased King. It was even said that he could not pass a statue of Alexander without feeling faint. Cassander has been perceived to be ambitious and unscrupulous, and even members of his own family were estranged from him.

 Later history

     Kingdom of Cassander Other diadochi      Kingdom of Seleucus      Kingdom of Lysimachus      Kingdom of Ptolemy      Epirus Other      Carthage      Rome      Greek colonies

As Antipater grew close to death in 319 BC, he transferred the regency of Macedon not to Cassander, but to Polyperchon, possibly so as not to alarm the other diadochi through an apparent move towards dynastic ambition, but perhaps also because of Cassander’s own ambitions. Cassander rejected his father’s decision, and immediately went to court Antigonus, Ptolemy and Lysimachus as allies. Waging war on Polyperchon, Cassander would destroy his fleet, put Athens under the control of Demetrius of Phaleron, and declare himself Regent in 317 BC. After Olympias’ successful move against Philip III later in the year, Cassander would besiege her in Pydna. When the city fell two years later, Olympias was killed, and Cassander would have Alexander IV and Roxanne confined at Amphipolis.

Cassander associated himself with the Argead dynasty by marrying Alexander’s half-sister, Thessalonica, and had Alexander IV and Roxanne executed in either 310 BC or the following year. Certainly, in 309, Polyperchon would begin forwarding the claims of Heracles as the true heir to the Macedonian inheritance, at which point Cassander bribed him to have the boy killed. After this, Cassander’s position in Greece and Macedonia was reasonably secure, and he would proclaim himself King in 305 BC. After the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC, in which Antigonus was killed, he was undisputed in his control of Macedonia. However, he had little time to savour the fact, dying of dropsy in 297 BC.

Cassander’s dynasty did not live much beyond his death, with his son Philip dying of natural causes, and his other sons Alexander and Antipater becoming involved in a destructive dynastic struggle along with their mother. When Alexander was ousted as joint king by his brother, Demetrius I took up Alexander's appeal for aid and ousted Antipater, killed Alexander, and established the Antigonid dynasty. The remaining Antipatrids such as Antipater Etesias would prove unable to re-establish the Antipatrids on the throne.

Of more lasting significance was Cassander’s transformation of Therma into Thessalonica, naming the city after his wife. Cassander also founded Cassandreia upon the ruins of Potidaea.

 Cassander as a fictional character

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