Check out these fascinating articles for more great ideas:

List of All Roman Emperors and Empresses Chronologically organized:


Ancient Greek Cities or Kingdoms of Interest

Ancient Greek Rulers of Interest

Related to Christianity

Ancient Greek / Roman Deities, Locations and more:

Astrological Ancient Coins - Just some of the Ideas for Owning, available inside my eBay store.


Byzantine Coins

Browse by Category:

Welcome to the best ancient Greek, Roman, Biblical, Medieval, Byzantine online coin store. Up above are pages you can click on that give you great ideas about the types of coins available for sale. Items are usually shipped daily so you can rest assured to make these as great unique gifts for both men and women. As a numismatist, I believe ancient coins make one of the best investments. Collectors of numismatic coins may fall in love with this old money. Ancient coins come in both bronze and precious metals such as silver and gold. What is great is that you can great value as these types of coins are not popularized in places such as the antiques roadshow or pawn stars. You can see for yourself by the feedback, that there is over 99% positive experience for anyone that shops here and that you are dealing with one of the best, most reputable coin dealers on the internet. Coin collecting is easy and fun with the wealth of information presented. It is an amazing feeling to hold historical currency from thousands of years ago. These coins are worth money not just for their intrinsic, but also historical, numismatic and collector value. Investing money into an ancient coin collection is for anyone who values rarity, beauty and so much more that make up this great hobby. You may be looking for advice on how or where to start. There are many great links available in my eBay store that cover many great topics on ancient coins. Anything that you buy here is of great value, especially for the long term and the short term. The prices you can buy coins here are negotiable via the 'make offer' feature that is available on all items so you can get amazingly good deals buying coins and a selection of rarities not found anywhere else. The collecting guide above is a great list that can be used as a tool to collect almost every emperor or empress as it is in chronological order and allows you to search my store for those coins by clicking on them. Other great topics, such as Ancient Greek and Roman Commemorative coins deals with the most interesting commemorative coins you can buy. Happy shopping. I look forward to dealing with you for a lifetime. Some of the oldest, most valuable ancient coins that you may find here are that of Julius Caesar and Alexander the Great. Exchange your modern money for ancient money by buying an amazing ancient coin today. A great gift for yourself and others.

To help people find my store

12 caesars coins
12 caesars list
alexander the great coin
alexander the great coins
an ancient greek coin
ancient coin
ancient coin auction
ancient coin auctions
ancient coin dealer
ancient coin dealers
ancient coin values
ancient coins
ancient coins aion
ancient coins constantine the great
ancient coins dealers
ancient coins ebay
ancient coins for sale
ancient coins for sale caesars
ancient coins for sale on ebay
ancient coins forum
ancient coins found in america
ancient coins from bible times
ancient coins identification
ancient coins ngc
ancient coins of egypt
ancient coins of greece
ancient coins of israel
ancient coins of syria
ancient coins on ebay
ancient coins pictures
ancient coins temple entrance
ancient coins value
ancient egypt coins
ancient egyptian coins
ancient greece el-as
ancient greek coinage
ancient greek coins
ancient greek coins ebay
ancient greek coins for sale
ancient greek money
ancient jewish coins
ancient roman
ancient roman artifacts
ancient roman coins
ancient roman coins facts
ancient coins for sale
ancient roman coins identification
ancient roman coins for sale
ancient rome coins
ancient rome currency
ancient roman money
ancient silver coins
antic coin
antique coin
antique coin appraisal
antique coin dealers
antique coins
antique roman coins
antiques for sale
antiques online
antiques roadshow
antoninus pius coin
antoninus pius coins
athenian coin
athenian owl coins
auction coins
augustus coins
authentic ancient coins
authentic ancient greek coins
authentic coins
authentic roman coins
best coin dealers online
best coin shops
best investments
bible coins
biblical coins
brutus coin
brutus coin ides of march
buy ancient coins
buy coins online
buy gold online
buy old coins
buy rare coins
buy roman coins
buy silver coins
buying coins
buying silver
byzantine coin
byzantien coins
byzantine coins for sale
byzantine gold coins
caesar augustus coin
caesar coin
caesar coins
caesar coins for sale
caligula coins
caracalla coins
cheap ancient coins
chinese coins
christian coins
christian rome
claudius coins
cleopatra coins
coast to coast coins
coin auction
coin catalog
coin collecting
coin collecting tips
coin collectors
coin companies
coin dealer secrets
coin dealers
coin dealers near me
coin dealers on line
coin dealers uk
coin exchange
coin for sale
coin history
coin numismatic
coin online shop
coin search
coin sellers
coin shop online
coin shops
coin store
coin stores
coin value
coin value guide
coin websites
coin world
coins and collectibles
coins ebay
coins for sale
coins of ancient greece
coins of ancient rome
coins of bible
coins of the bible
coins of the world
coins online
coins photos
coins shop
coins store
coins worth money
collectible coins for sale
collecting ancient coins
collector coins
commemorative coins
commodus coins
constantine coins
constantine the great coins
crispus coins
currency dealers
diocletian coins
ebay roman coins
ebay ancient coins
ebay ancient greek coins
ebay antiques
ebay silver coins for sale
ebypt coins
emperor coins
foreign coins
foreign ancient coins
foreign coins for sale
forum ancient coins
ancient coins forum
gaius julius caesar
galba coins
geta coins
gifts for men
gifts for women
good investments
greece coin
greece coins
greek coin
greek coin values
greek coins
greek coins ancient
greek coins before euro
greek coins ebay
greek coins facts
greek coins for sale
Greek Coins images
Greek Coins Information
Greek Coins Information for Kids
Greek Coins Look Like
Greek Coins Pictures
Greek Currency
Greek Roman Coins
Hadrian Coins
Hammered Coins for Sale
Historical Coins for Sale
History of Coins
History of Roman Coins
Honest Coin Dealers
How to Buy Silver
How to Find an Honest Coin Dealer
How to Invest
How to Start Investing
Identifying Roman Coins
Ides of March Coin
Images of Ancient Coins
Interesting Coins
Investing Money
Investment Advice
Jerusalem Coins
Jesus Christ Coins
Jesus Coins
Julian of Pannonia coins
Julius Caesar coin
julius caesar coins
Julius Caesar Coin for sale
Local Coin Dealers
Lydian Coins
Macrinus Coins
Marcus Aurelius Coins
Mark Antony Coins
Marc Antony Coins
Middle Ages Coins
Most Valuable Coins
Nero Coins
Numismatic coin
Numismatic coin auctions
Numismatic coin dealers
Numismatic coins
Numismatic Coins for sale
Numismatic coins
Old Coin Prices
Old Coin Shop
Old Coin Values
Old Coins
Old Coins eBay
Old Coins for Sale
Old Coins Worth
Old Foreign Coins
Old Greek COin
Old Greek Coin Names
Old Greek Coins
Old Money
Old Money for Sale
Old Rare Coins
Old Roman Coins
Old Silver Coins
Oldest Coin
Oldest Coins
Online Coin Auctions
Online Coin Dealers
Online Coin Store
Online Coins
Otho Coins
Cassius Coins
Pacatian Coins
Name Coins
Pertinax Coins
Pontius Pilate Coins
Precious Metals
Princess Coins
Queen Coins
Rare Coin
Rare Coin Dealers
Rare Coins
Rare Coins Dealer
Rare Coins eBay
Rare Coins for Sale Cheap
Rare Coins for Sale on eBay
Rare Greek Coins
Reliable Coin Dealers
Reputabale Coin Dealers
Reputabale Online Coin Dealers
Roma Coins
Roman Artifacts for Sale
Roman Catalog
Roman Coins for Sale
Roman Coin Forum
Roman Coin Rings
Roman Coins
Roman Coins eBay
Roman Coins Pictures
Roman Coins Sale
Roman Coins Value
Roman eBay
Roman Empire Coins
Roman Empress Livia
Roman Gods Coins
Roman Greek Coins
Roman Military Coins
Roman Republic Coins
Roman Coins
Saint Coins
Septimius Severus Coins
Short Term Investments
Silver Coin
Silver Coin Prices
Silver Coins eBay
Silver Denarius
Silver for Sale
Silver Investing
Silver Value
The Coin Show
Tiberius Coins
Top Coin Dealers
Trajan Coins
Trusted Coin Dealers
Twelve Caesars Coins
Unique Gifts
Valuable Coins
Value of Silver
Virgin Mary Coins
Vitellius Coins
Where to Buy Silver
Where to Invest
Widow's Mite
Widow Mite
World Ancient Coins
World Coins Dealers
World Coins eBay
Zeno Coins

Valerian I - Roman Emperor 253-260 A.D. Biography & Certified Authentic Ancient Roman Coins for Sale


Valerian I Ancient Roman Coins  Reverse of Valerian I Ancient Roman Coin for Sale to Buy
Example of Authentic Ancient Coin of:
Valerian I - Roman Emperor: 253-260 A.D. -
 Silver Antoninianus 23mm (3.74 grams) Antioch mint: 257-259 A.D. 
Reference: RIC 283, C 56 
 IMPVALERIANVSAVG - Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right. 
 FELICITASAVGG - Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.

Publius Licinius Valerianus (c. 200 - after 260), commonly known in English as Valerian or Valerian I, was the Roman Emperor from 253 to 260.

Origins and rise to power

Unlike the majority of the pretenders during the Crisis of the Third Centuryy, Valerian was of a noble and traditional senatorial family. Details of his early life are elusive, but for his marriage to Egnatia Mariniana, who gave him two sons: later emperor Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus and Valerianus Minor.

In 238 he was princeps senatus, and Gordian I negotiated through him for Senatorial acknowledgement for his claim as emperor. In 251, when Decius revived the censorship with legislative and executive powers so extensive that it practically embraced the civil authority of the emperor, Valerian was chosen censor by the Senate, though he declined to accept the post. Under Decius he was nominated governor of the Rhine provinces of Noricum and Raetia and retained the confidence of his successor, Trebonianus Gallus, who asked him for reinforcements to quell the rebellion of Aemilianus

Rule and fall

Valerian's first act as emperor was to make his son Gallienus his colleague. In the beginning of his reign the affairs in Europe went from bad to worse and the whole West fell into disorder. In the East, Antioch had fallen into the hands of a Sassanid vassal, Armenia was occupied by Shapur I (Sapor). Valerian and Gallienus split the problems of the empire between the two, with the son taking the West and the father heading East to face the Persian threat.

By 257, Valerian had already recovered Antioch and returned the province of Syria to Roman control but in the following year, the Goths ravaged Asia Minor. Later in 259, he moved to Edessa, but an outbreak of plague killed a critical number of legionaries, weakening the Roman position in Edessa which was then besieged by the Persians. At the beginning of 260, Valerian was defeated in the Battle of Edessa and he arranged a meeting with Shapur to negotiate a peace settlement. The ceasefire was betrayed by Shapur who seized him and held him prisoner for the remainder of his life. Valerian's capture was a humiliating defeat for the Romans.

Gibbon, in The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire describes Valerian's fate:

The voice of history, which is often little more than the organ of hatred or flattery, reproaches Sapor with a proud abuse of the rights of conquest. We are told that Valerian, in chains, but invested with the Imperial purple, was exposed to the multitude, a constant spectacle of fallen greatness; and that whenever the Persian monarch mounted on horseback, he placed his foot on the neck of a Roman emperor. Notwithstanding all the remonstrances of his allies, who repeatedly advised him to remember the vicissitudes of fortune, to dread the returning power of Rome, and to make his illustrious captive the pledge of peace, not the object of insult, Sapor still remained inflexible. When Valerian sunk under the weight of shame and grief, his skin, stuffed with straw, and formed into the likeness of a human figure, was preserved for ages in the most celebrated temple of Persia; a more real monument of triumph, than the fancied trophies of brass and marble so often erected by Roman vanity. The tale is moral and pathetic, but the truth of it may very fairly be called in question. The letters still extant from the princes of the East to Sapor are manifest forgeries; nor is it natural to suppose that a jealous monarch should, even in the person of a rival, thus publicly degrade the majesty of kings. Whatever treatment the unfortunate Valerian might experience in Persia, it is at least certain that the only emperor of Rome who had ever fallen into the hands of the enemy, languished away his life in hopeless captivity.

Valerian's massacre of 258

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia article on Valerian:

Pope Sixtus was seized on 6 August, 258, in one of the Catacombs and was put to death; Cyprian of Carthage suffered martyrdom on 14 September. Another celebrated martyr was the Roman deacon St. Lawrence. In Spain Bishop Fructuosus of Tarragona and his two deacons were put to death on 21 January, 259. There were also executions in the eastern provinces (Eusebius, VII, xii). Taken altogether, however, the repressions were limited to scattered spots and had no great success..

Death in captivity

An early Christian source, Lactantius, maintained that for some time prior to his death Valerian was subjected to the greatest insults by his captors, such as being used as a human footstool by Shapur when mounting his horse. According to this version of events, after a long period of such treatment Valerian offered Shapur a huge ransom for his release. In reply, according to one version, Shapur was said to have forced Valerian to swallow molten gold (the other version of his death is almost the same but it says that Valerian was killed by being flayed alive) and then had the unfortunate Valerian skinned and his skin stuffed with straw and preserved as a trophy in the main Persian temple. It was further alleged by Lactantius that it was only after a later Persian defeat against Rome that his skin was given a cremation and burial. The role of a Chinese prince held hostage by Shapur I, in the events following the death of Valerian has been frequently debated by historians, without reaching any definitive conclusion.

The Humiliation of Emperor Valerianrian Shapur I, pen and ink, Hans Holbein the Younger, ca. 1521

Some modern scholars believe that, contrary to Lactantius' account, Shapur I sent Valerian and some of his army to the city of Bishapur where they lived in relatively good condition. Shapur used the remaining soldiers in engineering and development plans. Band-e Kaisar (Caesar's dam) is one of the remnants of Roman engineering located near the ancient city of Susa. In all the stone carvings on Naghshe-Rostam, in Iran, Valerian is respected by holding hands with Shapur I, in sign of submission.

It is generally supposed that some of Lactantius' account is motivated by his desire to establish that persecutors of the Christians died fitting deaths; the story was repeated then and later by authors in the Roman Near East "fiercely hostile" to Persia.

Other modern scholars tend to give at least some credence to Lactantius' account.

Valerian and Gallienus' joint rule was threatened several times by usurpers. Despite several usurpation attempts, Gallienus secured the throne until his own assassination in 268.

Owing to imperfect and often contradictory sources, the chronology and details of this reign are very uncertain..

www.TrustedCoins.commm Buy Real Ancient Greek Roman Biblical Byzantine Coins and Artifacts